Some people just want to spend some time off the grid. No traffic, no stress, no internet – just a simpler way of life by day and a brilliant starlit sky by night. My sister Gina and her husband Scott have never been too attached to the grid. So it came as no surprise to me when they announced last year that they were joining the Peace Corps.
Is it useful to differentiate travelers from tourists and create this hierarchy, as travel literature would imply? Or, as the operational industry definition suggests, is it all the same until you actually live somewhere? In my opinion, the UNWTO is right. Until you reside somewhere for over a year, until you are an integrated member of the local community, you are a tourist. You might as well embrace it. And, as the travel literature points out, your main purpose as a tourist is to consume.
Empirical research in rural India indicates a ¨high education trap¨ that fails to reward higher education with higher wages after a certain point, and that this trap penalizes women especially. Meanwhile, research of tourism labor in developing countries implies greater benefits for women than for men in tourism employment. This proposed study would gather qualitative, empirical data about community-based tourism employment in rural India and its capacity to address this trap. The ‘sustainable livelihoods framework’ would be used as a theoretical framework for the research.
Abstract: This study demonstrates that volunteers can contribute valuable labor, among other benefits, to their host farm destinations. The study uses data from volunteer and host farm applications to the WWOOF Canada organization, as well as a survey delivered to the host farms. The contribution of volunteer tourists to organic farms as human resources is an example of a symbiotic relationship or synergy between tourism and environmental projects.
Abstract: This article examines the relationship between tourism and begging street children in
destinations. It looks at one empirical study that has been made on the topic in Madagascar,
and reviews travel guides and online travel information for advice to travelers about how to
address begging and street children. There is a lack of consensus on the
relationship between tourism and begging street children. More research and discussion is due.